Dementia symptoms

What are dementia signs and symptoms? What actually is dementia and what does dementia do with your short and long term memory?

What is dementia?

Dementia is a collective name for various conditions. It defines the conditions that consist out of combinations of multiple disorders in mental abilities, especially memory, but also the mood and behavior. A well known type of dementia is Alzheimer's disease. Dementia is generally common in clinical syndromes that are caused by brain diseases. The characteristics of the combinations are depending on the location, severity of the abnormality that occurs in the brains. Generally, dementia occurs later in life. The older we get the more chance we have to get a type of dementia. As we grow older, more and more people suffer from a type of dementia. Dementia is more common in women than in men as women tend to get older than men.

Aging and dementia

As a result of the aging population it is expected that within the next 20 years the cases of dementia will increase with 45%. Research shows that also highly educated men and women, besides the fact that they age, also get some type of dementia later in life. This is because the brains of a higher educated person are more active which causes the brain cells to die more slowly.

Dementia symptoms

Which signs and symptoms may indicate dementia? Below is a list of dementia symptoms;

  • An important symptom of dementia is that the memory worsens
  • Also you lose sense of time
  • You lose track of where you are
  • You have difficulty recognizing people
  • Having difficulty with language can also be a symptom of dementia
  • You are very emotional or have difficulty expressing your emotions
  • You lose your self-esteem
  • You have trouble solving problems
  • You have trouble planning

Alzheimer's disease

The best known type of dementia is Alzheimer's disease. This disease affects your short term memory. So you have trouble remembering, and in particular storing new information. Your long-term memory remains generally intact. Your memories will still exist but newer experiences will no longer be recorded. For this reason, someone with dementia often returns to his or her childhood period. A demented person of 70 years of age can therefore think that he or she is 16 years old again. It is also possible that the demented person no longer recognizes their relatives. This is also due to the affected short-term memory.

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