Myocardial infarction symptoms

What are the symptoms and signs of a myocardial infarction? What is a myocardial infarction and how to prevent a myocardial infarction?

What is a myocardial infarction?

A myocardial infarction is a sudden closure of the coronary artery, so that a portion of the heart muscle receives no oxygen any longer. If no timely action is taken, this could cause irreparable damage. Myocardial infarction occurs in both men and women, in most cases in people over 35 years. A myocardial infarction can be life threatening.

Myocardial infarction symptoms

Which symptoms may indicate a myocardial infarction? A myocardial infarction is usually accompanied with a sudden severe chest pain with ejections to the shoulders and back and ejections to the jaw. Most people who have had a myocardial infarction, suffered from chest pain long before that. Other symptoms that may accompany a myocardial infarction include nausea, sweating and a cold, pale skin. While having a myocardial infarction one can be confused and is often short of breath. A severe myocardial infarction one can even lose consciousness. A portion of these infarcts happens without these symptoms.

Cause myocardial infarction

The cause of myocardial infarction is a blockage / closure of the coronary artery and is usually due to atherosclerosis. Is formed over the course of the years in the lining of the vein. Such swelling of the arterial lining could break suddenly, bleed or rupture, and these changes cause the artery to close completely. The exact cause is unknown, however, factors such as smoking, high blood pressure and a high cholesterol play an important role, as well as genetic factors. Also, men have an increased risk of the clogging of the coronary artery. Furthermore, people who lack exercise, have diabetes, are overweight or suffer from stress have an increased risk of a blockage of the coronary artery and therefore getting a myocardial infarction.

Preventing myocardial infarction

It is not possible to prevent a myocardial infarction. But can reduce the risks of heart attack by not drinking too much alcohol, not to smoke too much and sufficient exercise. Overweight people are running a greater risk to a myocardial infarction. It is also wise to pay attention to your diet and eat healthy.

Surviving and death myocardial infarction

If no quick action is taken when a myocardial infarction occurs it can lead to death. If one survives a myocardial infarction there are often complications which will seriously affect one's life.

Myocardial infarction hospitalization

During a hospitalization, which is unavoidable, various examinations are conducted to assess the severity of the infarction, to determine what the consequences of a myocardial infarction are and what treatment should take place.

Rehabilitation myocardial infarction

Every myocardial infarction patient has to undergo a rehabilitation process. During this process, one must carry out physical exercises under supervision, such as cycling and climbing stairs. After a stair walk test and an exercise test one is allowed to go be back home, where he/she should go on with a personal exercise program. Over time, most people can resume their normal lives without any medications. However, bad habits like smoking, alcohol, poor diet and little exercise is not recommended.

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