STD symptoms

What are signs and symptoms of an STD? What is an STD and how do you prevent a sexually transmitted disease? How do you recognize an STD?

What is an STD?

An STD is an abbreviation for sexually transmitted disease.Several diseases can be classified as an STD. Some STDs may have serious consequences if they are not treated in time.Every year many people incur an STD. In the Netherlands there were over 100,000 STD infections in 2003. Luckily, most STDs are curable. STDs are usually very contagious and you can incur one without even knowing it. Because you often do not know you have contracted an STD, you can easily pass on an STD. A few examples of an STD include the HIV virus- which causes AIDS , gonorrhea, genital herpes, hepatitis B, syphilis and genital warts.

How do you get an STD?

soa symptoms

STDs be transmitted through semen, fluid from the vagina, contact with infected blood and contact with the mucous membranes. Mucous membranes are found in the mouth, anus, penis and vagina. STDs are generally caught by having unsafe sex and it can happen in several ways. You can think of both vaginal and anal intercourse without a condom and / or oral sex without a condom. Also when you use a condom that is not strong enough, so holes in the condom can occur, you can catch an STD. With anal sex you need to use a condom with a certain strength. A part of the STD is transmitted through the blood. For instance you can also get an STD when you get a tattoo, and no hygienic measures are being taken. Do you use drugs? Then you can get an STD by using a non-sterile needle. So always use your own needle. Some STDs, like genital warts, can also be transmitted even if a condom is used.

STD signs and symptoms.

Which signs, and symptoms do you have when you have an STD?You can have an STD without having any symptoms. The symptoms may be so weak, that you almost, or do not even notice them.

The following symptoms may indicate a sexually transmitted disease:

  • Burning and / or irritable feeling, or even pain during urination or after urination
  • Discharge from the vagina or penis. In women, there is often little more discharge than usual. The discharge may be watery, yellow, greenish or milky in color and have a strong odor
  • Itchy pubic hair, head of the penis, anus or labia
  • Swollen glands in the groin
  • Pain in one or both testicles
  • Pain in the abdomen.
  • Pain during sex
  • Sores, warts or blisters on / or around the penis, vagina, mouth or anus
  • Irregular or abnormal blood loss after intercourse or between menstrual periods.

Treating STDs

An STD almost never goes away by itself, so do not continue on with it. You can infect other people, but you will also suffer from the consequences of an STD yourself. STDs are usually contracted by people who have had sexual contact with several people and had unsafe sex. Someone who is monogamous is much less likely to get an STD. Yet it is wise to have safe sex when you start a new relationship. Does the condom break or you did not use one, wait a week and do a test. Do you get symptoms earlier, do not hesitate and go to your doctor to treat the STD. If you stop using a condom in a committed relationship, it is wise to do an STD test at the doctor to make sure any of you do not have any STDs. 

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