Symptoms anemia

What are the signs and symptoms of anemia? What is anemia and how to prevent anemia?

What is anemia?

Anemia means you have a lack of red blood cells in your blood or that the red blood cells do not work properly. In medical terms this is called anemia. In red blood cell there is a substance called hemoglobin. This substance makes sure the oxygen is transported through your body, so your body gets enough oxygen. To produce hemoglobin, the body needs iron. If you have a shortage of iron, not enough hemoglobin can be created which causes anemia. If you are suffering for a long time from anemia it reduces your resistance and you are more susceptible to colds and other infections.

Symptoms anemia

Signs and symptoms associated with anemia are usually severe tiredness or extreme susceptibility to infections such as colds. In a severe case of anemia, symptoms are shortness of breath, a very pale skin, pale lips, headache, dizziness, but also fainting is a common symptom of anemia. Do you recognize one or more of these symptoms, it is advisable to visit your physician.

Causes of anemia

The most common cause of people struggling with anemia is an iron deficiency. An iron deficiency can develop because of various reasons. Tremendous blood loss through injury, heavy menstrual cycle or by an improper diet. There are also some other factors that could cause anemia. A deficiency of Vitamin B12 could also be the cause of anemia. Also hereditary disorders, which in particular ensures you do not produce enough hemoglobin or that the hemoglobin can not transport enough oxygen, could cause anemia. Another cause of anemia is the premature destruction of red blood cells.

Anemia during pregnancy

Many pregnant women have to deal with anemia. Your body requires a lot of oxygen during pregnancy, because you are breathing for two. That is why your body produces more blood during a pregnancy. That way more blood plasma is included than red blood cells, so the balance is disturbed, resulting the symptoms of anemia to come forward. Especially at the end of pregnancy the need for iron increases, and so it is important to eat the right foods to meet this demand.

Anemia prevention

Anemia can be prevented or reduced by eating foods with adequate iron levels that are necessary for the production of hemoglobin.

The following foods are high in iron:

  • whole grain products.
  • legumes.
  • most green vegetables
  • apple syrup
  • meat
  • egg
  • nuts

There are also foods such as lemonade syrup, cornflakes and biscuits which also contain a lot of iron. In addition to iron, it is also important to take in a sufficient amount of vitamin B12 and folic acid in your diet. Vitamin B12 is primarily found in animal products and folic acid, for example asparagus, spinach, legumes and whole grains. 

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