Symptoms bladder infection

The symptoms of a bladder infection are easily recognizable. With a bladder infection, also known as cystitis, are the signs and symptoms often frequent urination and a pain or burning sensation when urinating. With a bladder infection, there is an inflammation of the mucous membrane on the inside of the bladder. Cystitis is caused by a bacterial infection.

What is a bladder infection

Cystitis is caused by an infection that leads to the inflammation of the bladder lining. Bladder infections are by far more common in women than men. The reason for this is that women have a shorter urethra. If a bladder infection is not treated in time it can develop an inflammation in the kidneys. We call this a kidney infection, which is very painful and may go hand in hand with a high fever. A urinary tract infection usually comes from bacteria from the outside of the body. These penetrate via the urinary tract through the urethra and in that way cause an infection to the bladder, urethra, prostate and even the testicles.

Symptoms and signs of a bladder infection

Bladder infection

The signs and symptoms associated with a bladder infection are outlined under this. The following symptoms generally occur in a bladder infection of adult men and women.

Frequent urination

One of the best known symptoms of a bladder infection is frequent urination. Usually, this is not a lot of urine, but only a few drops, which can be very frustrating. One symptom is that you can have the feeling that your urinary track is not is completely empty, which makes you sit on the toilet for a long time without much result

Painful or burning sensation when urinating

Another symptom of a bladder infection is a painful feeling or a burning sensation when urinating. This painful or burning sensation is caused when the urethra is infected with a bladder infection.

Cloudy urine

If your urine is cloudy, you also have one of the symptoms of a bladder infection. Cloudy urine indicates pyuria. With this there is pus in the urine. The color of the urine may become darker than normal because of this. A common color is dark yellow. Having cloudy urine is usually because the urethra is infected by the bladder infection. A side effect is that the urine can smell more intense than normal.

Painful sensation in the abdomen or lower back

A painful sensation in the abdomen or lower back may also be a symptom of a bladder infection.

Symptoms of a bladder infection in children

Children with a bladder infection suffer from different symptoms and signs than adults. Children usually feel unwell and may have abdominal pain or wet their beds when they have a bladder infection.

Bladder infection in women

The probability of a bladder infection is a lot greater in women. This is because the urinary tract in women is shorter and the urethra is located much closer to the anus, so that the risk is much larger of a contamination from its own intestinal tract. To prevent a bladder infection in women is very especially important to always wipe the buttocks from front to back.

Bladder infection during pregnancy

Many women, particularly in the first few months of their pregnancy obtain a bladder infection. The growing uterus presses on the bladder, causing you to urinate more often. The frequent urination is not the direct cause of a bladder infection but is usually remnants of urine staying behind in which bacteria can grow. When you are pregnant the urine also contains more nutrients, thus an ideal place for bacteria to grow. The type of bacteria that causes a bladder infection is actually appears in everyone's intestines, but also around the urethra. Bacteria enter the bladder through the urethra and adhere to the bladder lining, after which it becomes inflamed. Also, the ureter is more narrow during pregnancy, resulting in regular liquid can be left behind, which can also lead to a bladder infection.

Bladder infection in men

A bladder infection is much less common in men than in women. This is because the urethra is much longer than the one in women. The main cause of a bladder infection in men is an obstructed flow of urine. This could be caused by an enlarged prostate, a prolapse of the bladder or having kidney stones. 

Bladder infection children

In children, a bladder infection is not always easy to recognize. The signs differ quite a bit with older or younger children. In young children the symptoms are difficult to recognize because they often wear a diaper. You can keep track of them if they are not eating or drinking well, are irritable, do not grow well, feverish, or that the urine smells. It is important to collect some urine and take it to your physician for further examination. A late-treated bladder infection in children can cause permanent damage to their kidneys.

What to do when you have a bladder infection?

When you recognize the symptoms of a bladder infection, you should contact your doctor right away. In order to fight the symptoms and so reduce the signs you could drink four times every hour, a half liter of water (total of two liters). To counteract the painful or burning sensation you can drink cranberry juice or use painkillers.

Prevention of a bladder infection

Prevention is better than to cure. Therefore there are some practical tips below for preventing a bladder infection:

  • Ensure good hygiene in the area around the anus.
  • Eat healthy, so you have a good resistance.
  • Quit bad habits, like smoking.
  • Do not wait too long to urinate, but go directly to the bathroom when you feel you have to urinate.
  • Women should go immediately to the bathroom to urinate after sex.

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