Symptoms kidney infection

What are symptoms of kidney infection? Which symptoms do you have with a kidney infection? What is a kidney infection anyway?

What is kidney infection?

A kidney infection means that the wall of your pelvis is inflamed. The pelvis can be found on the inside of your kidneys and ensures your urine is collected. From your pelvis, the ureter leads to your bladder.

Cause kidney infection

The inflammation of the pelvis is caused by a bacteria. The bacteria enters the bladder through the urethra. Through the bladder the bacteria enter the renal pelvis. The bacteria will enter the body as a result of a bladder infection. Renal pelvic inflammatory disease is the result of an inadequately treated bladder infection. It is therefore not surprising that the symptoms of kidney infection and a bladder infection are very similar, but having a kidney infection is much more serious. In both cases the urine becomes very cloudy and sometimes is even colored light red. This is because blood is in your urine. You experience an annoying pain when you pee, and you pee often but in small amounts. Yet, when you have a kidney infection you feel sicker when you have a bladder infection. Symptoms of a kidney infection are high fever, nausea and having chills. In addition, you also have pain in your back or your side. 

There are two types of kidney infections:

  1. Chronic kidney infection
  2. Acute kidney infection

Chronic kidney infection

A chronic kidney infection has far fewer symptoms present. You often just are fatigued and a have an unpleasant feeling.

Acute kidney infection

When you have an acute kidney infection then this often comes with an intense, severe pain in your back or on your side. Often the pain is on one side and the pain moves slowly downward. Acute kidney infection comes with fever, chills and nausea.

Symptoms and signs acute kidney infection

Below is a list of signs and symptoms of an acute kidney infection.

  • You have pain on one or two sides of the back. Often you have this pain for a few hours or all day.
  • The pain may radiate to the genitals, but also to both sides in the lower back.
  • You have a fever.
  • You experience chills.
  • You are nauseous and have to throw up.
  • You have severe abdominal pain. 

Treatment of kidney infection

A kidney infection is best treated, when you are resting, until the fever is gone. You need to take enough fluids and drink plenty of water. If you have to go to the toilet, it is wise not to wait too long, so that the kidney basin can begin to recover. If you suffer from nausea and vomiting, it is better not to drink too much water at once, but more often a few sips. This ensures that you will not get dehydrated by vomiting.

Drugs against pyelonephritis

In the treatment of pyelonephritis drugs are often used. Besides the fact that you are in need of rest during a kidney infection, antibiotics are prescribed. Normally you get a course of ten days. After one or two days, you can already feel a lot better from the antibiotics. As with all antibiotics, it is a must that you take antibiotics for pyelonephritis for the full course. Do not stop halfway through the prescription, if you think that you are better, which could cause the bacteria that cause kidney infections to become resistant, so the antibiotics no longer work. With a kidney infection, you can take painkillers such as paracetamol or Ibuproven. Ask your doctor whether this makes sense in your case.

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