Symptoms leukemia

What are signs and symptoms of leukemia and what is this type of cancer anyway?

What is leukemia?

Leukemia is the collective name for blood diseases that occur acute as well as chronic. The disease spreads through the blood throughout the body. Leukemia or blood cancer is a disease where there is an uncontrollable separation of certain white blood cells. In fact, every organ can be affected by it. We know of three types of leukemia; acute leukemia, Chronic lymphocytic leukemia and chronic myeloid leukemia. Leukemia in children under 14 years of age is a common type of blood cancer. In the general sense, we speak of an acute leukemia. In adults, an acute type of leukemia as well as a chronic type of leukemia occurs. Leukemia originates in the bone marrow or from the lymphatic system.

Symptoms and signs of leukemia

Leukemia has no immediate symptoms and signs indicating cancer. Think fatigue, poor appetite and nausea. Because the blood is affected, the skin loses its color and bruises quickly. Raised body temperature, indicating a fever is also a symptom of leukemia. Bleeding gums, sore throat, inflamed tonsils and mucous membranes, often accompanied with diarrhea and darker urine are also indications. Always do a blood and urine sample to examine what is going on.

Acute leukemia

When we are talking about acute leukemia then we speak of a rapid development of malignant cancer cells. Consequently these cells then take the place of the normal blood cells, allowing the cancer to grow and as a result the body is weakened.

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia

When we talk about chronic lymphocytic leukemia than we are dealing with malignant damage to the cells that descend from B lymphocytes, which help our body maintain the immune system. B lymphocytes originate in bone marrow and are supposed to produce antibodies that fight foreign organisms. With this type of leukemia, the spleen is usually too large and the lymph nodes could swell up. There is an excess of white blood cells and lymphocytes core deviates. The chronic variant of blood cancer is incurable, but is treatable.

Chronic myeloid

The chronic myeloid type of leukemia is a cancer that nestles in the bone marrow. The cancer cells in question consist almost always from an abnormal chromosome. Which means that a chromosome has partly grown to another chromosome. Why this happens is unclear.

Cause leukemia

It is still not known what the cause of leukemia is. However there are some indications. It is known that the virus, human T-cell leukemia virus, can cause a rare type of cancer in the blood. In addition, exposure to radioactive rays may be a cause or a premature radiotherapy treatment. When you are exposed for prolonged periods of time to chemicals such as benzene or pesticides you also have an increased risk of leukemia. Besides that it is also possible that leukemia runs in the family so you have a hereditary risk of leukemia.

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